Appropriate for Grades 4-12

About the Program:

This map will facilitate a discovery process that helps the participants to understand the past, present and future of Indigenous Peoples in Canada. This resource offers a perspective of history that is longer than the colonial Canadian perspective of 150+ years. The stories and perspectives are from Indigenous Peoples. The map is large, measuring eight by eleven meters and created by the Royal Canadian Geographical Society.

Learning Outcomes:

  • Gain insight and respect for Indigenous Peoples’ connection to the land and their inherent rights.
  • Identify Canada’s main landform regions, their key characteristics and Indigenous communities located within them.
  • Look at some of the many human rights issues facing Indigenous Peoples in Canada.
  • Learn about the number and diversity of languages spoken by Indigenous Peoples in Canada.
  • Explore the different reasons why Indigenous Peoples have moved or migrated and those movements that have been forced and chosen.
  • Locate your community on the map and identify important issues that have affected the community.
  • Examine the distribution of residential schools on the map and use the timeline to gain an understanding of the various names and labels for residential schools.
  • Use the timeline to examine the historical and present-day impacts on different Indigenous communities.
  • Learn about the different types of treaties and land agreements in Canada and their relevance today.
  • Learn to recognize and acknowledge the traditional territory, treaty or unceded territory they live on.


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